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Bibliografía Actual Comentada

En esta sección revisaremos y comentaremos de manera periódica artículos que nos parezcan de interés entre los publicados sobre H. pylori en la literatura biomédica mundial actual. Si ha leído un artículo reciente sobre H. pylori que le parece interesante y desea que aparezca en nuestra página puede mandarnos su comentario por correo electrónico, incluyendo el título, autores y referencia del artículo, además de su nombre y centro de trabajo.

Helicobacter pylori infection prevalence: Is it different in diabetics and nondiabetics? Vafaeimanesh J y cols. Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2015 May-Jun;19(3):364-8.
Risk of Gastric Cancer in Children with Helicobacter pylori Infection. Cam S. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(22):9905-8.
The Effect of Probiotics Supplementation on Helicobacter pylori Eradication Rates and Side Effects during Eradication Therapy: A Meta-Analysis. Dang Y y cols. PLoS One. 2014 Nov 3; 9(11):e111030.
Helicobacter pylori vaccination: Is there a path to protection? Anderl F and Gerhard M. World J Gastroenterol 2014 September 14; 20(34): 11939-11949.
Prospective multicentre study on antimicrobial resistance of Helicobacter pylori in Germany. Wuppenhorst N y cols. J Antimicrob Chemother 2014.
The role of the gastrointestinal microbiome in Helicobacter pylori pathogenesis. Sheh & Fox. Gut Microbes 2013; 4: 1–27.
Blue light for infectious diseases: Propionibacterium acnes, Helicobacter pylori and beyond? Dai T y cols. Drug Resist Updat. 2012; 15: 223–236.
Efficacy of Tailored Helicobacter pylori Eradication Treatment Based on Clarithromycin Susceptibility and Maintenance of Acid Secretion. Sugimoto M y cols. Helicobacter 2014 Apr 1.
Disease manifestations of Helicobacter pylori infection in Arctic Canada: using epidemiology to address community concerns. Cheung J, t cols. BMJ Open January 12, 2014.
Activities of muscadine grape skin and polyphenolic constituents against Helicobacter pylori. Brown JC, Jiang X. J Appl Microbiol. 2013 Apr;114(4):982-91.
Lactobacillus reuteri in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. Dore MP y cols. Intern Emerg Med. 2013 Nov 1.
Bacterial flora concurrent with Helicobacter pylori in the stomach of patients with upper gastrointestinal diseases. Hu Y y cols. World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol 2012; 18: 1257-1261.
Primary clarithromycin resistance to Helicobacter pylori : Is this the main reason for triple therapy failure? Giorgio F y cols. World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol 2013; 4: 43-46.
Helicobacter pylori and Crohn’s disease: A retrospective single-center study from China. Xiang Z y cols. World J Gastroenterol 2013; 19: 4576-4581.
Application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the study of Helicobacter pylori. Ilina EN y cols. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2010; 24: 328–334.
The Antimicrobial Activities of Phenylbutyrates against Helicobacter pylori. Chung-Yi Lo y cols. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 2013; 61 (6) 604–610.
Helicobacter canis bacteriemia in a patient with fever of unknown origen. Abidi MZ y cols. J Clin Microbiol. 2013; 51 (Mar): 1046.
Diagnostic accuracy of urine-based kits for detection of Helicobacter pylori antibody in children. Okuda M y cols. Pediatr Int. 2013 Jan 30. doi: 10.1111/ped.12057.
Antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance patterns among Helicobacter pylori strains from The Gambia, West Africa. Ousman Secka y cols. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Dec 21. [Epub ahead of print].
Application of matrix-assisted laser esorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the study of Helicobacer pylori. Ilina EN y cols. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2010 Feb;24(3):328-34.
Is Helicobacter Pylori infection associated with asthma risk? A Meta-Analysis based on 770 cases and 785 controls. Yan Wang y cols. International Journal of Medical Sciences 2012; 9(7):603-610.
Factors modulating the outcome of treatment for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. N. Figura y cols. New Microbiol 2012; 35, 335-340.
Prevalence of cagA, vacA, babA2 and iceA Genes in H. pylori Strains Isolated from Colombian Patients with Functional Dyspepsia. Arévalo Galvis A y cols. Polish Journal of Microbiology 2012, Vol. 61, No 1, 33–40.
Phytoceuticals: Mighty but ignored weapons against Helicobacter pylori infection. Sun-Young LEE y cols. J Dig Dis 2008; 9; 129–139.
Lactoferrin Levels in the Gastric Tissue of Helicobacter pylori-Positive and -Negative Patients and Its Effect on Anemia. Dogan Y y cols. Mediators of Inflammation 2012.
Interaction of legionella pneumophila and Helicobacter pylori with bacterial species isolated from drinking water biofilms. Giao MS y cols. BMC Microbiology 2011, 11:57.
Fifteen-Year Effects of Helicobacter pylori, Garlic, and Vitamin Treatments on Gastric Cancer Incidence and Mortality. Ma JL y cols. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2012 Jan 23.
Ulcerogenic Helicobacter pylori Strains Isolated from Children: A Contribution to Get Insight into the Virulence of the Bacteria. Vitoriano y cols. PLoS One 2011;6(10):e26265. Epub 2011 Oct 19.
Interactions between CagA and smoking in gastric cancer. Wang XQ. World J Gastroenterol. 2011 Jul 28;17(28):3330-4.
Isolation of viable Helicobacter pylori in the tonsillar tissues of chronic tonsillitis patients. Wibawa T. J Infect Dev Ctries 2011; 5(7):561-564.
Benefits of Helicobacter pylori cagE genotyping in addition to cagA genotyping: a Bulgarian study. Boyanova y cols. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2011, DOI 10.1007/s10482-011-9608-8.
The occupational risk of Helicobacter pylori infection among gastroenterologists and their assistants. Peters C. BMC Infectious Diseases 2011, 11:154.
Higher number of Helicobacter pylori CagA EPIYA C phosphorylation sites increases the risk of gastric cancer, but not duodenal ulcer. Batista SA. BMC Microbiology 2011, 11:61.
Rapid detection of clarithromycin resistant Helicobacter pylori strains in Spanish patients by polymerase chain reacion-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Agudo S, Pérez-Pérez G, Alarcón T y López-Brea M. Rev Esp Quimioter 2011 (Mar); 24: 32-36.
Bacteremia Caused by a Novel Helicobacter Species in a 28-Year-Old Man with X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia. Schwarze-Zander C y cols. J Clin Microbiol 2010 (Dic); 48: 4672–4676.
The effect of Helicobacter pylori treatment on remission of idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy. Rahbani-Nobar y cols. Molecular Vision 2011 (Enero); 17:99-103.
The effectiveness of systemic eradication therapy against oral Helicobacter pylori. Bago I y cols. J Oral Pathol Med. 2010 Dec 28.
Receptores tipo Toll, patogénesis y respuesta inmune a Helicobacter pylori. Sánchez-Zauco NA y cols. Salud Pública de México, septiembre-octubre de 2010.
A case of Helicobacter pylori bacteremia with sepsis syndrome. Han Y y cols. J Clin Microb 2010.
High Prevalence of Clarithromycin-Resistant Helicobacter pylori Strains and Risk Factors Associated with Resistance in Madrid, Spain. Sonia Agudo, Guillermo Pérez-Pérez, Teresa Alarcón, and Manuel López-Brea. J Clin Microb 2010.
Detection of Helicobacter pylori in biofilms by real-time PCR. Linke S y cols. Inter J Hyg Environt Health 2010; 213: 176-182.
Is Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Necessary Before first-line Treatment for Helicobacter pylori Infection? ?Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials?. Wenzhen Y y cols. Inter Med 2010; 49: 1103-1109.
Helicobacter pylori cagA and vacA genotypes in Cuban and Venezuelan populations. Ortiz-Perez D y cols. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro 2010; 105: 331-335.
The CagA protein of Helicobacter pylori suppresses the functions of dendritic cell in mice. Tanaka H y cols. Arch Biochem Bioph 2010 Abril.
Molecular characterization and susceptibility testing of Helicobacter pylori strains isolated in western Argentina. Vega AE y cols. Int J Infect Dis. 2010 Mar 19.
Two stomach-originated lactobacillus strains improve Helicobacter pylori infected murine gastritis. Cui Y y cols. World J Gastroenterol 2010 (ene); 16: 445-452.
Analysis of Clarithromycin Resistance and CagA Status in Helicobacter pylori by Use of Feces from Children in Thailand. M Tanuma y cols. J.Clin. Microbiol 2009; 47: 4144–4145.
Improved Performance of a Rapid Office-Based Stool Test for Detection of Helicobacter pylori in Children before and after Therapy. C. Prell y cols. J Clin Microbiol 2009 (Dic); 47: 3980–3984.
Effect of chlorine on the incorporation of Helicobacter pylori into drinking water biofilms. Gião MS. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. Diciembre 2009 doi:10.1128/AEM.01378-09.
Helicobacter pylori infection in gastric cancerogenesis. Konturek PC y cols. J Physiol Pharmacol 2009, 60, 3, 3-21.
Evaluation of a New Test, GenoType® HelicoDR, for Molecular Detection of Antibiotic Resistance in Helicobacter pylori. Cambau E. J Clin Microbiol 2009 Septiembre.
Comparative genomics of Helicobacter pylori. Dong Q-J. World J Gastroenterol 2009 August 28; 15(32): 3984-3991.
Specific Therapeutic Schemes of Omeprazole Affect the Orientation of Helicobacter pylori. Azevedo-Vethacke M y cols. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2009; 53: 3511–3514 .
Pediatric Helicobacter pylori Isolates Display Distinct Gene Coding Capacities and Virulence Gene Marker Profiles. Talarico S y cols. J Clin Microbiol 2009; 47: 1680–1688.
Detection of cytotoxin genotypes of Helicobacter pyloriin stomach, saliva and dental plaque. Silva DG y cols. Arch. Oral Biolog 2009.
Differences in Genome Content among Helicobacter pylori Isolates from Patients with Gastritis, Duodenal Ulcer, or Gastric Cancer Reveal Novel Disease-Associated Genes. Romo-Gonzalez Y y cols. Infect Immun 2009; 77: 2201–2211.
Successful isolation of Helicobacter pylori after prolonged incubation from a patient with failed eradication therapy. Yin Y y cols. World J Gastroenterol 2009; 15: 1528–1529.
Acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection in early childhood: independent contributions of infected mothers, fathers, and siblings. Weyermann M y cols. Am J Gastroenterol 2009; 104: 182–189.
Antibacterial Effects of Grape Extracts on Helicobacter pylori. Brown JC y cols. Appl Environ Microbiol 2009; 75: 848–852.
DNA-level diversity and relatedness of Helicobacter pylori strains in shantytown families in Peru and transmission in a developing-country setting. Herrera PH y cols. J Clin Microbiol 2008; 46: 3912–3918.
High Diversity of vacA and cagA Helicobacter pylori Genotypes in Patients with and without Gastric Cancer. Lopez-Vidal Y y cols. PLoS ONE 2008; 3(12): e3849.
The Complete Genome Sequence of Helicobacter pylori strain G27. Baltrus DA y cols. J Bacterial October 2008.
Higher levels of salivary MUC5B and MUC7 in individuals with gastric diseases who harbor Helicobacter pylori. Silva DG t cols. Archives of Oral Biology 2008.
Effect of eradication of Helicobacter pylori on incidence of metachronous gastric carcinoma after endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer: an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Fukase K y cols. Lancet 2008; 372: 392–97.
Effects of multispecies probiotic combination in Helicobacter pylori–infection in vitro. Myllyluoma y cols. Clin Vaccine Immunol 2008.
Sodium chloride affects Helicobacter pylori growth and gene expression. Gancz H y cols. J Bacteriol 2008 (Jun); 190: 4100–4105.
Modulation of Helicobacter pylori colonization with cranberry juice and Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 in children. Gotteland M y cols. Nutrition 2008; 24: 421-426.
Antibacterial activity of Chamomilla recutita oil extract against Helicobacter pylori. AN Shikov y cols. Phytother Res 2008; 22: 252-253.
High occurrence of Helicobacter pylori in raw goat, sheep and cow milk inferred by glmM gene: a risk of food-borne infection?. NC Quaglia y cols. Intern J Food Microbiol 2008.
Helicobacter pylori: Treatment for the patient only or the whole family?. YS Sari y cols. World J Gastroenterol 2008; 14: 1244-1247.
Helicobacter pylori amoxicillin heteroresistance due to point mutations in PBP-1A in isogenic isolates. Matteo MJ y cols. J Antimicrob Chemother (2008).
Utility of diagnostic tests for detection of Helicobacter pylori in children in northeastern Mexico. Mendoza-Ibarra S y cols. Pediatrics International 2007; 49: 869–874.
Clinical relevance of Helicobacter pylori sabA genotype in Japanese clinical isolates. Yanai A y cols. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007; 22: 2208-2232.
Inhibitory effect of Gram-negative and Gram-positive microorganisms against Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates. López-Brea M, Diaz-Regañon J, Domingo D, Alarcón T. J Antimicrob Chemother 2007 (oct).
Detection of clarithromycin-resistant Helicobacter pylori in frozen gastric biopsies from pediatric patients by a commercially available fluorescent in situ hybridization. Vega AE, Alarcón T, Domingo D, López-Brea M. Diagn Microb Infect Dis 2007 (sept).
Duodenal ulcer-related antigens from Helicobacter pylori: immunoproteome and protein microarray approaches. Lin Y-F. Mol Cel Proteom 2007.
Heterogeneity in the activity of Mexican Helicobacter pylori strains in gastric epithelial cells and its association with diversity in the cagA gene. Reyes-Leon A. y cols. Infect Immun 2007 (Jul); 75: 3445-3454.
Evaluation of the novel Helicobacter pylori ClariRes Real-Time PCR assay for detection and Clarithromycin susceptibility testing of H. pylori in stool specimens from symptomatic children. Lottspeich C. y cols. J Clin Microbiol 2007 (Jun); 45: 1718–1722.
Helicobacter pylori detection and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Megraud F y col. Clin Microbiol Rev 2007; 20: 280-322.
VacA and HP-NAP, Ying and Yang of Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric inflammation. D'Elios y cols. Clinica Chimica Acta 2007.
Helicobacter pylori Infection and the Risk of Gastric Malignancy. Hsu P y cols.
Am J Gastroenterol 2007; 102: 1–6.
The Detection, Surveillance and Treatment of Premalignant Gastric Lesions Related to Helicobacter pylori Infection. de Vries y cols.
Helicobacter 2007; 12: 1–15.
Development and evaluation of a novel floating in situ gelling system of amoxicillin for eradication of Helicobacter pylori. Rajinikanth y cols.
Intern J Pharmaceut 2006.
Susceptibility-guided vs empiric retreatment of Helicobacter pylori infection after treatment failure. Yahav J y cols.
Dig Dis Sci 2006; Nov.
Effect of the Folk Remedy, Bainiku-ekisu, a Concentrate of Prunus mume Juice, on Helicobacter pylori Infection in Humans. Nakajima S y cols.
Helicobacter 2006; 11: 589–591.
Acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection in Rhesus Macaques is most consistent with oral-oral transmision. Solnick JV y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2006; 44: 3799-3803.
The Translation of Helicobacter pylori Basic Research to Patient Care. Ernst PB y cols.
Gastroenterology 2006; 130: 188–206.
The complete genome sequence of a chronic atrophic gastritis Helicobacter pylori strain: Evolution during disease progression. Jung y cols.
PNAS 2006; 103: 9999–10004.
Efficacy of Cranberry Juice on Helicobacter pylori Infection: a Double-Blind, Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. Zhang y cols.
Helicobacter 2005; 10: 139–145.
Incidence of Helicobacter felis and the effect of coinfection with Helicobacter pylori on the gastric mucosa in the african population. Fritz y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2006; 44: 1692–1696..
Helicobacter pylori: A possible association with otitis media with effusion. Yilmaz T.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2006;134:772-777.
Helicobacter pylori Treatment: A Practical Approach. Vakil N.
Am J Gastroenterol 2006;101:497–499.
Clarithromycin-resistant genotypes and erradication of Helicobacter pylori. De Francesco y cols.
Ann Intern Med 2006; 144: 94-100.
Implications for induction of autoimmunity via activation of B-1 cells by Helicobacter pylori urease. Yamanishi y cols.
Infect Immun 2006; 74: 248-256.
Five-year follow-up study of mother-to-child transmission of Helicobacter pylori infection detected by a random amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprinting method. Konno y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2005; 43: 2246-2250.
In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Helicobacter felis, H. bizzozeronii and H. salomonis. Van den Bulck y cols.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2005 (Jul): 49: 2997-3000.
Pathogen evolution in vivo: genome dynamics of two isolates obtained 9 years apart from a duodenal ulcer patient infected with a single Helicobacter pylori strain. Prouzet-Mauleon V y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2005 (Ago): 43: 4237-4241.
Real-time PCR detection and frequency of 16S rDNA mutations associated with resistance and reduced susceptibility to tetracycline in Helicobacter pylori from England and Wales. Lawson AJ et al.
J Antimicrob Chemother 2005; 56: 282-286.
Significance of transiently positive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay results in detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool samples from children. Haggerty TD, Perry S, Sanchez L, Perez-Perez G, Parsonnet J.
J Clin Microbiol 2005 (May); 43: 2220-2223.
The relationship between plasma and gastric ghrelin levels and strain diversity in Helicobacter pylori virulence. Isomoto y cols.
Am J Gastroenterol 2005 (jun): 100: 1425-1427.
Antimicrobial peptides are among the antagonistic metabolites produced by Bifidobacterium against Helicobacter pylori. Collado MC y cols.
Intern J Antimicrob Agents 2005; 25: 385-391.
Impact of clarithromycin resistance on eradication of Helicobacter pylori in infected adults. Lee JH y cols.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2005 (Abr); 49: 1600-1603.
Construction of a recombinant attenuated Salmonella typhimurium DNA vaccine carrying Helicobacter pylori hpaA. Xu C y cols.
World J Gastroenterol 2005; 11: 114-117.
Helicobacter pylori infection in hemodialysis patients: Susceptibility to amoxicillin and clarithromycin. Aydemir S y cols.
World J Gastroenterol 2005; 11: 842-845.
Age-dependant accuracy of Helicobacter pylori antibody assays for adults, with special emphasis on atrophic gastritis. Salomaa-Rasanen A y cols.
Clin Diag Lab Immunol 2004 (Nov); 11: 1185-1188.
Distribution of antibiotic MICs for Helicobacter pylori strains over a 16-year period in patients from Seoul, South Korea. Kim JM y cols.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2004 (Dic); 48: 4843-4847.
Chronic Helicobacter pylori infection with Sydney strain 1 and a newly identified mouse-adapted strain (Sydney strain 2000) in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice. Thompson LJ y cols.
Infect Immun 2004 (Ago); 72: 4668-4679.
Implications of molecular genotyping of Helicobacter pylori isolates from different human populations by genomic fingerprinting of Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus regions for strains identification and geographic evolution. Hussain MA y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2004 (Jun); 42: 2372-2378.
Challenge model for Helicobacter pylori infection in human volunteers. Graham DY y cols.
Gut 2004; 53: 1235-1243.
T2182C mutation in 23S rRNA is associated with clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori isolates obtained in Bangladesh. Khan R y cols.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2004 (Sept); 48: 3567-3569
Functional adaptation of BabA, the H. pylori ABO blood group antigen binding adhesin. Aspholm-Hurtig M y cols.
Science 2004 (Jul); 305: 519-522.
Evaluation of "Helicobacter heilmannii" subtypes in the gastric mucosas of cats and dogs. Priestnall SL y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2004 (May); 42: 2144-2151.
Characterization of monospecies biofilm formation by Helicobacter pylori. Cole y cols.
J Bacteriol 2004 (May); 186: 3124-3132.
Nutrient shock and incubation atmosphere influence recovery of culturable Helicobacter pylori from water. Azevedo y cols.
Appl Environ Microbiol 2004 (Ene); 70: 490-493.
Concordance of Helicobacter pylori strains within families. Kivi M y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2003 (Dic); 41: 5604-5608.
Gastric histopathology, iron status and iron deficiency anemia in children with Helicobacter infection. Baysoy y cols.
J Ped Gastroent Nut 2004 (Feb); 38: 146-151.
Helicobacter species in the intestinal mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis. Oliveira AG y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2004 (Ene); 42: 284-286.
Helicobacter pylori virulence factors - one part of a big picture. Hocker M, Hohenberger P.
Lancet 2003; 362: 1231-1233.
Metronidazole-resistant Helicobacter pylori is more prevalent in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia than in peptic ulcer patients in a multiethnic asian population. Lui S-Y y cols.
J Clin Microbiol (Nov) 2003; 41: 5011-5014.
Aspirin inhibits the growth of Helicobacter pylori and enhances its susceptibility to antimicrobial agents.
Gut 2003; 52: 490-495.
Detection of clarithromycin-resistant Helicobacter pylori in stool samples. Fontana y cols. J Clin Microbiol 2003 (Agost); 41: 3636-3640.
Helicobacter pylori and pancreatic disease. Manes G y cols. J Páncreas (online) 2003; 4: 111-116.
Density of Helicobacter pylori may affect the efficacy of eradication therapy and ulcer healing in patients with active duodenal ulcers. Lai Y-C y cols. World J Gastroenterol 2003; 9: 1537-1540.
Transient and Persistent Helicobacter pylori Colonization in Native American Children. Pérez-Pérez GI y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2003 (Jun); 41: 2401-2407.
Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: systematic review. Raghunath A y cols.
British Medical Journal 2003; 326: 737-743.
Association of Helicobacter pylori antioxidant activities with host colonization proficiency. Olczak AA y cols.
Infect Immun 2003; 71: 580-583.
Effect of different probiotic preparations on Anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy-related side effects: A parallel group, triple blind placebo-controlled study. Cremonini F y cols.
Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97: 2744-49.
Clarithromycin resistance among Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from children: Prevalence and study of mechanism of resistance by PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism analysis. Alarcón T, Vega AE, Domingo D, Martínez MJ, López-Brea M.
J. Clin. Microbiol. 2003 (Ene); 41: 486-488.
Helicobacter cetorum sp. nov., a urease-positive Helicobacter species isolated from dolphins and whales. Harper C. G. y cols.
J. Clin. Microbiol. 2002 (Dic); 40: 4536-4543.
Factores microbiológicos que afectan a la erradicación de Helicobacter pylori en población adulta y pediátrica. Domingo D. y cols.
Enferm. Infecc. Microbiol. Clin. 2002 (Nov); 20: 431-1.
New site of modification of 23S rRNA associated with clarithromycin resistance of Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates. Fontana C y cols.
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2002 (Dic); 46: 3765-3769.
Helicobacter pylori infection. Suerbaum S & Michetti P.
N. Engl. J. Med. 2002 (Oct 10); 347: 1175-1186.
Real-Time quantitative PCR for detection of Helicobacter pylori. He y cols.
J Clin Microbiol 2002 (Oct); 40: 3720-3728.
Efficacy of quadruple therapy with pantoprazole, bismuth, tetracycline and metronidazole as rescue treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection. Boixeda y cols.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2002 (Ago); 16: 1457-1460.